General Science
Biology
Physics
Chemistry
Astronomy/Astrophysics
Geosciences/Environment
Mathematics/Computer Science
Evaluating Web Pages: Techniques to Apply & Questions to Ask | Berkeley
Great Web Sites for Kids Selection Criteria | American Library Association
How To Evaluate Web Resources
"A guide to help students quickly evaluate the
credibility of any resource they find on the internet."
Pointers for Searching, Searching for Pointers

For Writers: Converting Words to Pages
This website converts the number of words
to the number of pages, online and for free.


"I was like a boy playing on the sea-shore, and diverting myself
now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary,
whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me."
-- Sir Isaac Newton --


Online Schooling - Home Schooling
Free E-Books
Encyclopedias
E-Prints, Preprints, Journals, .....
Science News
"Understanding means seeing that the same thing
said different ways is the same thing."

Ludwig Wittgenstein






If you wish to see them without context, perform a Google Image search for chauvet cave paintings.



If you wish to see them without context, perform a Google Image search for lascaux cave paintings.




Topics
General Biology Resources & Articles for Students and Teachers
Human Anatomy || The Human Brain || Genetics/Molecular Biology || Epigenetics || Microbiology
Evolution || Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells || Endosymbiotic Theory || Kingdoms of Life
Three Domains (Superkingdoms) Of Living Organisms || Origin of Life || Taxonomy/Phylogeny
Evolutionary Developmental Biology || Modern Evolutionary Synthesis || Evolutionary Ecology
Biomimicry || Complex Adaptive Systems || Morphogenesis || Stem Cells || Genetic Engineering
DNA Nanotechnology || The Ediacaran Period || The Cambrian Explosion
Paleontology/Evolution of Birds || Paleontology/Fossils || Extinction Events
Botany || Plants || Photosynthesis || Plant Propagation || Ethnobotany
The Devonian Explosion || Evolution of Plants || Flowering Plants || Coevolution of Insects and Plants
Ecology || Ecosystems/Biomes || Conservation Biology || Self-Organization in Nature
Ocean/Marine Life || Zoology || Arthropods - Entomology/Insects || Ants - Superorganisms


"Why seek the miraculous and supernatural beyond life?"
From Tertium Organum by P. D. Ouspensky


"The heart of biology is that it revolves around the pattern of connections between components."
From "The Way Of The Cell" by Franklin M. Harold


The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016 was awarded to Yoshinori Ohsumi
"for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy".

Press Release


The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015 was divided, one half jointly to
William C. Campbell and Satoshi Omura
for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites
and the other half to Youyou Tu for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria.

William C Campbell, Satoshi Omura and Youyou Tu win Nobel prize in medicine
October 5, 2015 - The Guardian
3 Scientists Win Nobel Prize in Medicine for Parasite-Fighting Therapies
October 5, 2015 - The New York Times


The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014
was awarded to John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser, Edvard Moser
for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain.

Press Release | Press Release - PDF File

Nobel Prize in Medicine is Awarded for Discovery of Brain’s ‘Inner GPS’
October 6, 2014 - The New York Times


The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013
was awarded to James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof
for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells.

Press Release

For 3 Nobel Winners, A Molecular Mystery Solved
October 7, 2013 - The New York Times

Three Americans [James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof] won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Monday for discovering the machinery that regulates how cells transport major molecules [hormones, enzymes and other key substances] in a cargo system that delivers them to the right place at the right time in cells.


Biology: a field of science that encompasses the description, identification, nomenclature, and classification of organisms.




Molecular Genetics | The Central Dogma | Conserved Elements | Regulatory Genes | Gene Splicing
Molecular Biology Textbooks | Background on Genetics | The Human Genome Project



Scientists Synthesize Bacteria with Smallest Genome Yet
By Ewen Callaway - March 25, 2016 | Scientific American
Design and synthesis of a minimal bacterial genome
Research Article | March 25, 2016 | Science Magazine




Methylation




Five States Gunning to Make Their Kids as Scientifically Illiterate as Possible by Teaching Creationism
July 18, 2014 - Truthout



Mitosis - Meiosis | Endosymbiotic Theory | Kingdoms of Life



Origin of Life | Taxonomy/Phylogeny



Taxonomy: the science dealing with the description, identification, naming, and classification of organisms.
Phylogeny: the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms.


Graphic Representation of Hierarchy of Living Systems



Evolution of the Middle Ear | Evolution of the Eye | Modern Evolutionary Synthesis




When eradicating invasive species threatens endangered species recovery
May 29, 2014 | News360 - PhysOrg
Optimal approaches for balancing invasive species eradication and endangered species management
May 30, 2014 | Science Mag - AAAS



Mathematical Biology



Emergent Properties: New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierarchy of life,
owing to the arrangement and interactions of parts as complexity increases.



Scientists Synthesize Bacteria with Smallest Genome Yet
By Ewen Callaway - March 25, 2016 | Scientific American
Design and synthesis of a minimal bacterial genome
Research Article | March 25, 2016 | Science Magazine



Paleontology/Evolution of Birds | Paleontology/Fossils




Natural History Museums | Extinction Events


Living Planet Report 2016
The Living Planet Index reveals that global populations of fish, birds, mammals,
amphibians and reptiles declined by 58 per cent between 1970 and 2012.



Plants | Ethnobotany



Photosynthesis | Plant Propagation



The Medical Page has a list of Medicinal Plant Databases.


Evolution of Plants | Flowering Plants | Coevolution of Insects and Plants



Performing a Google Image search on plant evolution will return an uncountabe
number of diagrams, each of which is associated with a web page or site.




What is the largest flower in the world? | Library of Congress

The World's Smallest Fruit | Wayne's Word



On the Geosciences page is a section on Biomes.


Conservation Biology | Self-Organization in Nature


Global Digest has a lengthy section on Environment|Conservation|Endangered Species.


Living Planet Report 2016
The Living Planet Index reveals that global populations of fish, birds, mammals,
amphibians and reptiles declined by 58 per cent between 1970 and 2012.


The Geosciences page includes a brief section on Coral Reefs.


Worms/Earthworms | Arthropods - Entomology/Insects | Ants - Superorganisms


Living Planet Report 2016
The Living Planet Index reveals that global populations of fish, birds, mammals,
amphibians and reptiles declined by 58 per cent between 1970 and 2012.



Performing a Google Image search for animals of the Amazon will return amazing pictures,
each of which is associated with a web page or site.




"There are five constituent groups in the phylum Arthropoda – the extinct trilobites, the insects
(and a couple of smaller groups, making up the hexapods), the crustaceans (for example, crabs, lobsters,
shrimp and many more, including woodlice), the myriapods (millipedes, centipedes and relatives)
and the chelicerates (arachnids and horseshoe crabs)."
From: Geology and Terrestrial Life of the Carboniferous




Why I've always been dissuaded from ever visiting South America.


Performing a GOOGLE Image search on insects or, if you're feeling brave, world's biggest insects,
will return an uncountable number of amazing pictures, each of which is associated with a web page or site.




Self-Organization in Nature




Topics
General Physics Resources & Articles for Students and Teachers
Classical/Newtonian Mechanics || Celestial Mechanics || Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Mechanics
Principle of Least Action || Chaos & Fractals || Emergent Phenomena || Self-Organization
Reality and Consciousness || Symmetry || Supersymmetry || Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking (SSB)
Relativity: Special and General || Matter & Mass || Condensed Matter Physics
Quantum Hall Effect || Nanotechnology || Materials Science
Quantum World || Quantum Chemistry || Quantum Field Theory || QED & QCD
Loop Quantum Gravity || Causal Dynamical Triangulations || String Theory - Superstring Theory
Calabi-Yau Manifolds || Space, Time, Extra Dimensions || Higgs Boson
Particle Physics - History of Discoveries || Van Allen Belt(s) || Origin of Moon
Parallel Universes - Multiverse || Holographic Universe || Inflationary Universe
Cosmology || Cosmic Web || Cosmic Sound Waves || Stars || Dark Matter - Dark Energy || Black Holes


"Most people who haven't been trained in physics probably think of what physicists do as a question
of incredibly complicated calculations, but that's not really the essence of it. The essence of it is that
physics is about concepts, wanting to understand the concepts, the principles by which the world works."
- Edward Witten (1951 - )



The Nobel Prize in Physics 2016
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 was divided, one half awarded to David J. Thouless,
the other half jointly to F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz
"for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter".

Press Release

Topology Explained | ICTP: International Center for Theoretical Physics
2016 Nobel Physics Prize puts focus on field of growing interest to researchers.

Strange Phenomena in Matter's Flatlands | PDF File | The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Shocker: Nobel Prize In Physics Goes To Topology In Materials, Not Gravitational Waves!
October 4, 2016 - Forbes


The Nobel Prize in Physics - 2015
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2015 was awarded jointly to Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald
"for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass."

Press Release

Neutrino 'flip' wins physics Nobel Prize | October 6, 2015 - BBC

Nobel prize for physics 2015: how neutrinos saved the world | October 6, 2015 - The Guardian
The prize goes to a discovery about the properties of neutrino particles
that has saved us from worrying that Earth might end in an icy death.

2015 Nobel Prize in Physics | October 6, 2015 - Scientific American
The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics goes to
Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald
for the discovery that one kind of neutrino can change into another,
which shows that neutrinos have mass.


The Nobel Prize in Physics - 2014
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 was awarded jointly to
Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura
"for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes
which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources."

Press Release

Japanese and 1 American Share Nobel in Physics for Work on LED Lights
October 7, 2014 - The New York Times

Invention of blue LEDs wins physics Nobel
October 7, 2014 by Jonathan Webb | BBC News


The Nobel Prize in Physics - 2013
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2013 was awarded jointly to
François Englert and Peter W. Higgs
"for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding
of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed
through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle,
by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider."

Press Release -- Information for the Public | PDF File - 3.84mb

Tiny Particle Looms Large on Eve of Top Physics Prize
October 7, 2013 - The New York Times
For Nobel, They Can Thank the ‘God Particle’
Higgs and Englert Are Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics
October 8, 2013 - The New York Times


2012 Nobel Prize in Physics Awarded to Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland
"for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable
measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems."


Winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics 2012 - 1901 | Nobel Prize Internet Archive




Physics Organizations and Societies



Celestial Mechanics | Principle of Least Action



Principle of Least Action



More resources on Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics can be found on the Math Page.



Self-Organization | Zero-Pont Energy



"If we could change our psychic apparatus and should then discover that the world
around us was changing, this would constitute for us the proof of the dependence
of the properties of space upon the properties of consciousness."
From Tertium Organum by P. D. Ouspensky

"The thoughts that one creates generate patterns at the mind level of nature."
William Tiller

"What we call our "thoughts" seem to depend upon the organization of tracks in the brain
in the same sort of way in which journeys depend upon roads and railways. The energy used
in thinking seems to have a chemical origin; for instance, a deficiency of iodine will turn a
clever man into an idiot. Mental phenomena seem to be bound up with material structure."
Bertrand Russel



Supersymmetry | Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking (SSB)



"It is increasingly clear that the symmetry group of nature
is the deepest thing that we understand about nature today."
Professor Steven Weinberg - Nobel Laureate


More resources can be found on Tensor Calculus & Relativity on the Math Page.



Coulomb's Law | Matter/De Broglie Waves | Condensed Matter Physics
Quantum Hall Effect | Higgs Boson | Particle Physics - History of Discoveries
Dark Matter - Dark Energy










Materials Science




Hidden Variables | Many Worlds Interpretation (MWI) | Schrodinger's Equation
Entanglement | Superposition and Decoherence | Planck Measurement | Planck's Constant
Quantum Chemistry | Quantum Field Theory | QED & QCD
Matter & Mass | Matter/De Broglie Waves






Resources on Manifolds can be found on the Math Page.


Algebraic Topology



Physicists Take a New Approach to Unify Quantum Theory and Theory of Relativity | SciTech Daily
"The scientists have therefore succeeded in bridging the gap from the microworld to the macroworld,
and thus from quantum mechanics to the General Theory of Relativity: they show that space emerges as
the condensate of these elementary cells and evolves into a universe which resembles our own."

Research Article: On f(R) Theories in Two-Dimensional Spacetime
M. A. Ahmed | Physics Department - Kuwait University | Physics Research International

A new model for the structure of spacetime: physical applications
PDF File - by Miguel Lorente - University of Oviedo, Spain | IOP Science



Calabi-Yau Manifolds | Space, Time, Extra Dimensions



"Before there were space and time, there was empty, formless stillness. The vacuum seethed
with ghost virtual particles coming into being in conjugate pairs of matter and anti-matter."

"Spacetime is but a large-scale manifestation of some more fundamental entity."

"Space and Time can be born and thus can die.1"

From: Barrow, John D.; Pi In The Sky


Particle Physics - History of Discoveries



Quantum World






Cosmic Web | Cosmic Sound Waves | Stars | Dark Matter - Dark Energy | Black Holes









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